Suicide among youth in California was the leading cause of death in 2017 and suicide attempts predict completed suicide. Experiencing sexual violence (SV) can have harmful effects on mental health and well-being and is strongly associated with suicide attempt (SA). In this context, CDPH/MCAH analyzed the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) to assess the prevalence of, and association between, SV and SA among high school students, controlling for substance use and students’ demographic characteristics. The results, as shown in the deck slides, were presented at the 2020 American Public Health Association virtual conference.
This brief shares high-level findings from an analysis conducted by the California Department of Public Health STD Control Branch which used an existing data source (School Health Profiles Survey) to improve understanding of how California schools implemented the California Healthy Youth Act (CHYA) requirements before and after the law was enacted.
YRBS is part of a multi-survey surveillance system launched by the Centers forDisease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1990. YRBS monitors six categories of health-related behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including:
– Behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence
– Sexual behaviors related to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted
diseases, including HIV infection
– Alcohol and other drug use
– Tobacco use
– Unhealthy dietary behaviors
– Inadequate physical activity
ASHWG has compiled California’s data from the CDC, to compare national and state-level data on youth sexual risk behavior. Download the slidedeck to see the results of the 2017 California YRBS.
The California Adolescent Sexual Health Work Group (ASHWG) is a standing work group of program managers from the California Department of Public Health, California Department of Education, and key non-governmental organizations committed to working more effectively to address the sexual and reproductive health of California adolescents. Its vision is to create a coordinated, collaborative, and integrated system among government and non-government organizations to promote and
protect the sexual and reproductive health of youth in California.
The ASHWG Data and Evaluation Subcommittee’s intention is to improve comparability and expand access to and use of HIV, STD, and Teen Birth data. Members of this Sub-committee include epidemiologists from California Department of Public Health branches of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) Control, Office of AIDS (OA), Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health (MCAH) and non-governmental “end users” of their data.
The ASHWG Data Tables and Charts for Adolescent Births, AIDS and STD are presented with standardized data elements across all conditions, i.e. age, race, gender, and timeframe. The purpose is to make useable data readily available for improved program planning, implementation and evaluation by programs serving adolescents at risk.
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is a school-based survey that monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among high school aged youth. YRBS is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and is implemented at both the state and national level, which allows California to compare the risk behaviors of our youth to national trends. This brief video provides a background on the YRBS at a national and state level, talks about how to access data for California youth, and highlights ways to support the YRBS in our state.